How To Make A Wiffle Ball Field In Your Backyard

Bill Taylor
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Field Diagram

The dimensions and dimensions of a Wiffle Ball Field in your backyard should not be taken lightly. The official dimensions of a Wiffle ball field is 56 ft 8 in. However, anywhere from 85± feet back should be given for a proper field.

The official dimensions that a Wiffle Ball Can Go:

  • Home Plate: 15 inches squared.
  • Base Paths are 10 ft from home plate.
  • Center field is 10 ft wide.
  • Right and left field are 15 ft from home plate.
  • Backstop fencing is 9 ft high.
  • Ends of the field are 5 ft from the backstop fencing.

Your backyard does not require the official 56 ft 8 in when you build a Wiffle Ball field. An official field might be hard to set up with all the dimensions provided. However, it is crucial that you have a proper amount of room for the dimensions because it creates the proper angles for hitting and catching the two-inch ball.

Once you have chosen a concrete location for your Wiffle Ball field, you need to fill it up with lots of sand. Fill it eight to ten inches from the ground with the sand. The next step is to create a fence after filling up the entire sand pit with the sand. The fence must be at least eight feet high.

You can purchase a prefabricated Wiffle Ball backstop fencing kit if you decided to go this route. If you want to construct your own, the fencing should be two boards wide with at least two boards high. The boards should be 1-inch square pine lumber. The board lengths of the fencing should be at least equal to the height of the fence.

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Rules of the Field Dimensions

The wiffle ball field should be a minimum of 10 feet wide and 50 feet deep. The field can be oriented in any direction, although teams tend to orient the field so that the baselines are parallel to the powerlines (or in an opposite direction if the lines are overhead on a telephone pole). If a complete field is not possible, field dimensions must be proportional to one another with respect to any shortened or extended field.

Air Spaces

The spaces between home plate and the outfield are called air spaces. There are eleven air spaces in the wiffle ball field. The air spaces are indicated in the field diagram above.

If these spaces are not evident in the outfield, they may be created by extending either (or both) of the boundary lines (or in a few rare cases, by extending one side of an existing outfield).

If an extension is made to the outfield, it must be made on all sides of the field. The rule is often interpreted as saying that these extensions must each be at least five spaces. You may use any size space for this purpose, but usually small spaces are used since they are easier to see.

The chart below demonstrates the individual requirements of these spaces:

  • Air Space Requirements
  • If lines are less than ½ inch apart, they are considered part of the same space.


There are thirteen lines in the wiffle ball field. Most of these lines are parallel to the front and back wires of home plate. However, there are two specific 17-inch lines that are parallel to the side wires of home plate, and are used for the purposes of establishing windage and for determining foul balls. They are shown in the diagram above and accompanying charts below.

Lines are generally specified as being either Solid Lines (dotted in the diagram above) or Outfield Boundary Lines (dashed in the diagram above).

Solid Lines determine the air spaces of the field. These are also important for sizing home runs.

Outfield Boundary Lines are found in the outfield, indicating where the solid lines become outfield space. These lines also double as the base paths for the field.

Lines are not required to be spaced exactly as specified; they must just be as close to the specified distance as possible.

How To Make A Wiffle Ball Field In Your Backyard Step-By-Step

Step One: To start, you need to check and find out if your neighborhood zoning laws allow you to have a wiffle ball field in your backyard. If so, the next step to this whole making a backyard wiffle ball field is to make sure that you and your family want to do it.

Step Two: Now, get your kids involved from the start and you can get them to decide on which team they want to be, the best colors for each team and even to help buy the balls and the bats!

Step Three: You can decide how big you want your wiffle field to be. Of course, a big one is better because there is more room to run around and play, but this is strictly up to you!

Step Four: After that, you have to decide on having your field professionally constructed or doing it yourself. Either way, make sure you do the research and figure out which would be best for you and your family.

Step Five: Finally, get approval from your city zoning board, then head right to your local home improvement store to purchase all the materials that you need to have an amazing wiffle ball field.

If all goes well, you’ll have a backyard wiffle ball field in no time and then you can enjoy your backyard even more!

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Step One: The first thing that you have to do before you get ready to build your paver patio on your weekend is to gather up all the materials you need to build it. Check and see if you have everything on this list before the weekend is up.

Step Two: Next you have to decide on the size and shape of your patio. Do you want it to be right where your old one is or on some other part of your backyard? The choice is completely up to you, so pick whatever you want!

Step Three: Now, you have to decide if you want to do the work yourself or to hire the experts. Either way, make sure you plan ahead and have all your materials in order, sent and picked up!

Step 1: Measure Home Run Area

Measure off an area of your yard for the home run area. A town lot sized backyard works great for a 4 team league, but you can also make a smaller field that's good for 2 or 3 teams.

Leagues needing 4 fields can have a home run area measuring 135 feet by 180 feet.

Leagues needing 3 or 2 fields can have home run areas of 135 feet by 115 feet.

Use some masking tape to outline the dimensions onto the grassy area.

You just layed out the home run area the size of a football field with the goal being to connect three bases together in a line. The home run area is made from the combined area of the three bases.

The bases are laid out is if you have two bases side by side and then a third base is laid on top touching the second and first bases in the middle.

Step 1

Step 2: Mark Bases

Mark the base locations using the tape measure.

There are two base locations that are exactly 90 feet apart.

The first and third bases are also exactly 90 feet apart.

Step 2

Step 3: Dig Out and Rotate Bases

Work with a team member to remove soil from the area of the home run area that is in between the two base locations.

It just needs to be big enough to place one of the bases in it.

Place the base into that hole you just dug.

Rotate the second base that is 90 feet away from the first base so that the side with the peg hole is facing the first base. The peg hole is located on the bottom of the base. This base is placed into the ground upside down.

Step 3

Step 4: Movable Home Plate

The home plate, where all the bases are connected together is now a movable object.

To make the home plate object we'll use a 24-inch diameter plastic bucket.

Draw an X on that bucket with a sharpie marker.

Draw an X is where the peg holes are.

If you want to use a different kind of bucket you can but this will be a big field and the bucket used to make this moveable home plate needs to be sturdy.

This bucket is made from needlepoint canvas so it can be folded in half or rolled up and transported easily.

Step 2: Mark Foul Lines

Use a rope to set the foul line distances for the batter and the catcher. Mark the lines with string and markers. The lengths of the ropes and strings will depend on the size of the wiffle ball field. Measure out the foul lines with a tape measure and measure from the outfield fence to achieve the proper length for the strings.

Step 3: Mark the Base Yards

With a marker, mark the position of each base along the foul lines within the ropes. Measure back 27 feet from the third base position and 6 feet from the first base position. Mark the starting position for the batter at third base. Position the glove where it will be caught by the catcher.

Step 4: Create a Center Line

From the center of the infield, measure to the furthest corner at first and third bases. Do the same for the outfielder’s positions, measuring all the way to and around the outfield fence. Place a string at each mark. Do this for the far right and far left positions as well. Line these strings up with the rope strings on the foul lines and center line strings previously placed.

Step 5: Lay the Turf

Lay the turf over the strings and rope lines to ensure the grass is smooth and straight. Use a rubber or wood mallet to hammer down the sod.

Step 6: Lay the Bases

Lay the bases over each string on the foul line and enter the infield.

Step 7: Mark Outfield Foul Lines

Measure back from the outfield fence the same length as the base end measurement. String lines at these points.

Step 8: Install Bases

Choose bases that are appropriate for the size of your wiffle ball field. These can be painted to match the color of your turf if you wish.

Step 9: Paint Distances and Mark Bases

Paint inch markings along the bases and string lines for speed and accuracy.

Step 10: Top with Fake Grass

Install the turf over the base line.

You can now play a full game! Wiffle ball is great fun as a family or with friends. Use different balls for varying skill levels and increase the difficulty as player’s skills improve.

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Step 3: Foul, Single, Double, and Triple Zones

The final step before you start getting the fun rolling is to mark the different zones of your Wiffle Baseball Field. In setting up a Wiffle ball field you have a few different options for creating different zones, especially with how large you want your field to be.

The easiest way to do this is by drawing lines in the dirt in different directions to represent each of the different zones. Next to each line, you measure out several spots where the ball will either:

A. Become dead

B. You have the option of placing a cone next to the line to differentiate what it will be.

Scoring a Home Run

If you are setting up an official field, double and triple zones represent a homerun. A home run zone is that collection of cones or lines where a ball is considered fair. Usually it is your best bet to consider putting a Home Run zone away from other players so that you do not have to worry about them straying into the fair zone.

As for foul zones, a foul zone is where balls are considered out. Depending on how many players are out there, you may want to decide what distance the ball is considered fair or foul. For example, make it so that the ball cannot be caught unless it has rolled 90 feet instead of 60.

Step 4: The Building Block

While you do not need to build anything to start playing Wiffle ball, it is certainly a great way to keep score and keep track of stats while you play. Having a score board is nice for later comparison between games.

Your score board should be placed in view while you play. It will allow you to keep track of foul balls, outs, and runs scored. It will help make sure that you stay alert during the action and make the most out of your game.

If you have several people playing, it is important to be able to tell who is out at any given time.

If you set up official rules for your Wiffle ball field, you will have to come up with a way to keep track of the rules. These rules will ensure that everyone has a great time and is able to get the most out of their game.

Step 5: Bring On The Fun

Step 4: Pitcher area

Cut out and stack the Wiffle balls before you place them onto the pencil. You’ll need enough of them to hold up the bats, which will be placed here. With the pencils, make a tiny mark where the hole of the pencil exits the stack. This will be the center of your pitcher area. When building your field, try to avoid these areas for the batter and hitter, as they can be tricky to hit out of.

Step 5: Batter area

Now you can finish building your batter area. Using your pencils again, place the Wiffle balls where they are needed. These are where the batter will be standing.

Place these in a triangular shape. First, place two uprights. Using the pencils, create a straight line from one pencil to the other at the bottom of the two upright pencils. Angle these pencils at a 45 degree angle, so that your batter will have a little bit more of an edge to stand on while hitting.

Cut the last pencil into the shape of an X. Place this where the batter will stand. Put two wiffle balls at the highest point of the X to form a triangle with the two uprights. Place the next two pencils at a 45 degree angle like you did with the two at the bottom. Use your pencil to shape it into the best-looking X you can. Your batter should now have a place to stand. Don’t forget to place the fence around these areas as well.

Next you’ll need to cut out the bases, where the batter will have to run to if he’s hit the ball. These bases can be tricky to cut. You’ll need two separate pencils again, one for each base. One pencil will need to be totally cut in half as in the first step, but the other will need to be cut into four three-inch pieces. Use the middle piece as your center base. The three remaining pieces will serve as bases, so place them starting from the center and going outward. Place one piece out about an inch, the other about two inches, then an inch, and an inch again. Repeat this pattern until you cover all four bases.

Step 5: Batter box

Let's go ahead and move our batter box to the left of home plate. Ensure that you have plenty of space for the pitchers mound, and be sure that you've included the right number of rubber bands and bubbles. This batter box also needs to be easily accessible to your players, so it needs to be in a convenient location.

Step 6: Batter's box The batter's box (or "Swing Box") is where the batter stands when he waits his turn to hit. Let's place it at the center of home plate:

Notice how some of the black rubber bands in our batter box are over the home plate, but some of them are completely off to the side. If you do this, your baseball field will look like an accident. I'm not sure why this happens. So, just make sure you have one continuous black rubber band going from one side of home plate to the other. If you don't have enough rubber bands to cover your home plate, you can insert some more bubbles.

Pub Style Shuffleboard Rules

There are several variations of shuffleboard, the most popular being the "pub style" also known as straight shuffleboard. The rules are pretty much the same for most pub style shuffleboard games. Here are the basic rules for a 4 player game.

4 player rules:

If a contestant shoots a stone off the end of the table, he loses that stone, and his turn is finished.

If a contestant hits a stone into a safety (safety is a hole on the table through which the stone won't fall), that stone is claimed by the opponent who caused the stone to hit the safety.

If the safety is occupied when a contestant hits a stone into it, then that opponent claims all of the stones in the safety and the safety is removed from the table (this is known as toiletting.)

A player earns one point for each player that he beats by shooting all 4 of his stones before the other 3 players shoot all of their 4 stones.

Disputes are handled by the game referee (a player designated by the players present to make decisions on all disputes.)

Shuffleboard strategy and techniques:

During the beginner shuffleboard tutorial, the instructors demonstrate the importance of accuracy by showing how much you can save by being only a few inches off when shooting your stone.

Step 6: Optional Touches

If you'd like to give the center field some sort of additional visual appeal, you can plant some sort of wild flowers there. The flowers will serve as an example to kids of how a garden grows, helping them understand not all plants come in a package or out of a box. But be careful because many of those same flowers may also be toxic to the squirrels.

If you'd like to add a touch of class, you can have a gate around the outfield. It should be a somewhat heavy-duty gate since you don't want it blown over by a wind gust or hurled apart by a territorial squirrel. (Some people would say you don't want it blown over by a squirrel, but you already knew that.)

You can also raise the deck around the outfield by a few inches to help keep the elements off the field. This also makes it slightly higher than the driveway, which makes it easier to drop the ball in when coming home from the field. If you keep this step, remember to leave one section of the deck removable, or you won't be able to get the ball in the yard after the games!

If you'd like, you can add seats to the field if you have the room to do so. If not, you can cheers on your rodent athletes by standing around the infield.

You can create a "wild" area for the squirrels to explore between third and home. I'd recommend staking a few branches around this area so they don't try to climb trees, and I wouldn't fill it all in with dirt; it's a good place for them to start tunneling.

This is where knowing more about squirrels comes in handy! You can also plant flowers or other things that attract squirrels to the wild area to give them a little bit of something to chew on. And on this note, some people put bird feeders up on trees around the wild area to attract birds, which might attract squirrels. Just be careful that whatever trees you put bird feeders on won't fall on the Wiffleball field in a storm, and always be sure to change the birdseed to a different variety as soon as spring approaches.

Basic Rules Of Play

The rules of Wiffle ball are something just about everyone learns in grade school. It’s a very straight forward game. The pitcher pitches the ball, the batter hits the ball, and the fielders try to catch the ball.

There is an extra player on the field than in regular baseball. This extra player is called a Wiffle-Flagger. He is there to make sure no one gets hurt by a popped up or errant ball.

The Flagger also is responsible for waving at the batter that the ball is in play, and also signalling to the other fielders when they need to throw the ball back in. He can also act as a pitcher, but he is not allowed to pitch when he’s on third base.

The Rules of Wiffle Ball

The Wiffle ball rules are pretty simple:

The Pitcher

The pitcher needs to throw the ball over the plate. This means the plane of the ball must pass above a vertical line drawn through home plate.

The pitcher must stand on a rubber or marking within the pitcher’s circle. If his ball pitches outside this circle, the ball is considered dead and must be thrown again.

The pitcher must have at least one foot within the circle to pitch. He cannot pitch if he has two feet outside the circle. His foot must stay in contact with the circle until the ball leaves his hand.

He must keep one foot within the circle until the batter has hit the ball or has swung the bat.

He must keep both hands within the circle until the ball leaves his hand.

A ball that hits the pitcher is a dead ball. A ball that bounces more than one bounce within the circle is a dead ball.

The Pitcher cannot have a foreign substance on his ball. In other words, he cannot put powder on the ball.

The Pitcher must be over the age of 13 and cannot be closer than 14 feet from the plate at the start of his wind-up.

The Batter

The batter must be at the plate at the beginning of the pitch.

The batter must have at least one foot on or in front of home plate during the entire time the pitcher is pitching.

The batter must not interfere with a pitch. He must attempt to be safe when a pitch is thrown.